Physical and Chemical Structure of Milk
The processing of milk in the 21st century is a world away from the days of old when a farmer pulled up the legs of his blue jean overalls, sat upon a stool in a hay-filled barnyard, and milked his cow. Modern day technology not only has the ability to mechanically milk the cow, but is also fully automated to feed the cows, clean up the cow’s manure, and even check the quality of the cow’s milk, all robotically without a human hand in sight.
The key to obtaining great milk from a cow is to feed the cow a great diet. That diet typically consists of hay, grass, and grains enhanced with vitamins, minerals and proteins like soy. One dairy cow will consume 45 kg of feed in a day and is able to drink up to one bathtub full of water. This is vital to the overall healthy milk production of the cow.
Since cows only deliver milk during the lactation period right after giving birth, it is imperative that the cow is provided feed that will sustain it’s healthy manufacturing of milk. Good milk output demands good feed input and cleanliness is of extreme importance.
A well thought out dairy farm is constructed of cutting edge technology proving it cares for its cows and the output of milk provided potential customers. Cows are respectfully treated as the gracious gentle giants they are. Together with scientific innovators, thoughtful farmers have architected farms that process milk in healthy and clean environments.
The natural habits of cows are thought out and respected on these high-tech dairy farms. There are even motion triggered devices that scratch a cow’s heads and ears, cleans and massages its hide increasing blood circulation, all promoting better health for the cow which, in turn, produces better milk. The cow simply needs to walk up to and under the device and the cow does so willingly, recognizing that the gentle massage of hide and scratching of head and ears is a completely enjoyable experience. Cows like to be pet, too!
Today’s barn floors have a mechanical device that works 24/7 to remove any manure from the floor, sweeping, cleaning and washing away all droppings. This action prevents the cow stepping in its own dung, thereby avoiding spreading disease and infection to the feed, neighboring cows, and other parts of the facility.
In these new age dairy facilities, cows are not relegated to tight, confining stalls, but instead are free to roam in and out all day long and are not subjected to time frames and restrictions to produce milk. They are free to eat and drink at their own leisure. When a cow feels pressure building up in her udders, she is then trained to enter a comfortable, roomy stall that allows her a stress free setting to relieve her full udders.